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Kokain ( Cocaine )

Kokain adalah serbuk putih yang berasal daripada daun koka yang terdapat di Peru, Bolivia dan Colombia di Pergunungan Andes, Amerika Selatan. Ia banyak digunakan di negara-negara Amerika Utara, Selatan dan Tengah serta negara-negara Eropah. [ view in English ]

Kokain digunakan dengan cara menyuntik, menghidu dan menghisap. Popular dengan nama jalanan seperti Coke, Crack, Snow, Dandruf dan Flake.

Kokain ‘Freebase’ adalah bes kokain yang bebas daripada segala campuran dan dihisap dalam bentuk tulen dengan menggunakan paip khas. Manakala Kokain ‘Crack’ adalah campuran kokain dengan serbuk penaik dan berbentuk ‘granules’. ‘Crack’ mempunyai ketulenan sehingga 90% dan sangat berbahaya kerana ia boleh menyebabkan ketagihan teruk dalam masa yang singkat.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug, once someone starts taking cocaine, one cannot predict or control the extent to which he or she will continue to use the drug. The major ways of taking cocaine are sniffing or snorting, injecting and smoking. This drug had recently penetrated into Malaysia, though it is very costly.

Health Hazards
Physical effects. Physical effects of cocaine use include constricted peripheral blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.

Paranoia and aggression. High doses of cocaine and prolonged use can trigger paranoia. Smoking crack cocaine can produce particularly aggressive paranoid behavior. When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they may become depressed. This depression causes users to continue to use the drug to t rid of their depression.

Long-term effects
Prolonged cocaine snorting can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the nose and can damage the nasal septum enough to cause it to collapse. Cocaine related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.

Added Danger
When people mix cocaine and alcohol, they are compounding the danger each drug poses and unknowingly causing a complex chemical interaction within their bodies. Researchers have found that the human liver combines cocaine and alcohol to manufacture a third substance, cocaethylene, which intensifies cocaine’s euphoric effects and possibly increases the risk of sudden death.

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